Canada is a constitutional monarchy. This means that the Queen or King of Canada is the head of state, while the Prime Minister is the head of government. Since the founding of New France in the 1600s, Canada has always had a monarch and enjoyed Royal patronage and protection. The current Queen of Canada is Queen Elizabeth II.
Some people call Québec, “the Paris of North America”. Most businesses and services are delivered mostly in French, with as many people speaking only French. Québec is the largest Canadian province with its largest metropolitan areas being Montreal and Québec City. Montreal is a mostly mixed urban society where its easier to find a more diverse culture and acceptance of the English language. The Northern Québec region is sparsely populated and inhabited primarily by First Nation, Aboriginal peoples.
Depending on where you are in the province, the weather according to seasons can be quite mild to extreme. Québec has short spring, summer, and fall seasonal climates, followed by long cold and wet winters. The northern regions are considered arctic with extreme cold.
There’s plenty to do with your family and friends from outdoor activities to a bustling nightlife community. Canadians enjoy wildlife conservation, as well as hunting and fishing. There’s several waterfalls, lakes, and parks visitors and residents can enjoy. There’s a lot of natural forestry, habitat and natural vegetation though the expansion of large communities are starting to encroach into these areas.
Québec borders parts of the United States of America and until recently shared an open border. Now, residents and visitors must provide passport and identification to enter the country. Québec’s Ethnic population consists mainly of Canadians, French, Irish, Italian and Americans. Scottish and Germans make up another almost 5% according to the 2006 Census.
The Canadian Currency is Canadian Dollar or CAD. Most Canadians are paid on average a wage not equal to their US counterparts. Its been said that only a few positions pay more than $100k and those that are English speaking pay slightly higher wages.
Canada has a social health system, but to take advantage of it, you must be enrolled. If you’re not enrolled or just visiting, the cost and fees are substantial. Most visitors must pay up front before receiving service. Its highly recommended to get a traveler’s insurance prior to your visit.
The Canadians enjoy a favorite dish of Poutine which is a dish of French Fries with various toppings mostly cheese and a sauce. Their favorite sport is ice hockey, and enjoy the cultural arts. Alcohol and Gasoline are very expensive items due to taxes and fees.
Language in Québec:
Although Canada is officially a bilingual country with two official languages: English and French; French is the main language spoken in Québec and in some areas in Ontario, New Brunswick and Manitoba. Québec also has a large minority of English-speaking residents. All official federal government services, publications and documents are available in both English and French.
English is the most commonly spoken language in the majority of provinces and territories outside of Québec with 82 percent of Canadians speaking English.
Can you get around in Québec speaking only English? Yes, but with some difficulty.
Very Important Links to Help you Navigate Québec and Canada
- Welcome to Canada pdf by the government of Canada
- Québec 511 http://www.quebec511.info/en/carte_routiere/index.asp#tinformation